Maravia – Moravia | historical region, Europe | Britannica

Maravia

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After the war exposed the weakness of Rome’s northern frontier , half of the Roman legions 16 out of 33 were stationed along the Danube. In response to increasing numbers of Germanic settlers in frontier regions like Pannonia , Dacia , Rome established two new frontier provinces on the left shore of the Danube, Marcomannia and Sarmatia , including today’s Moravia and western Slovakia.

During the reign of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius , the 10th Legion was assigned to control the Germanic tribes who had been defeated in the Marcomannic Wars. The researchers found remnants of two masonry buildings, a praetorium [27] and a balneum “bath” , including a hypocaustum.

The discovery of bricks with the stamp of the Legio X Gemina and coins from the period of the emperors Antoninus Pius , Marcus Aurelius and Commodus facilitated dating of the locality. See also: Great Moravia Territory of Great Moravia in the 9th century: area ruled by Rastislav — map marks the greatest territorial extent during the reign of Svatopluk I — , violet core is origin of Moravia.

Saint Wenceslas Cathedral in Olomouc , seat of bishops of Olomouc since the 10th century and the current seat of the Archbishopric of Olomouc , the Metropolitan archdiocese of Moravia. A variety of Germanic and major Slavic tribes crossed through Moravia during the Migration Period before Slavs established themselves in the 6th century AD.

Rastislav — tried to emancipate his land from the Carolingian influence , so he sent envoys to Rome to get missionaries to come.

When Rome refused he turned to Constantinople to the Byzantine emperor Michael. The result was the mission of Saints Cyril and Methodius who translated liturgical books into Slavonic , which had lately been elevated by the Pope to the same level as Latin and Greek.

Methodius became the first Moravian archbishop, but after his death the German influence again prevailed and the disciples of Methodius were forced to flee. Great Moravia reached its greatest territorial extent in the s under Svatopluk I.

At this time, the empire encompassed the territory of the present-day Czech Republic and Slovakia , the western part of present Hungary Pannonia , as well as Lusatia in present-day Germany and Silesia and the upper Vistula basin in southern Poland. After Svatopluk’s death in , the Bohemian princes defected to become vassals of the East Frankish ruler Arnulf of Carinthia , and the Moravian state ceased to exist after being overrun by invading Magyars in Upon his father’s death in , Bretislaus became the ruler of Bohemia.

In , he decreed that Bohemia and Moravia would be inherited together by primogeniture , although he also provided that his younger sons should govern parts quarters of Moravia as vassals to his oldest son. Moravia reached its height of autonomy in , when Emperor Frederick I elevated Conrad II Otto of Znojmo to the status of a margrave , [33] immediately subject to the emperor, independent of Bohemia.

This status was short-lived: in , Conrad Otto was forced to obey the supreme rule of Bohemian duke Frederick. Three years later, Conrad Otto succeeded to Frederick as Duke of Bohemia and subsequently canceled his margrave title. Nevertheless, the margrave title was restored in when Vladislaus III of Bohemia resolved the succession dispute between him and his brother Ottokar by abdicating from the Bohemian throne and accepting Moravia as a vassal land of Bohemian i.

Vladislaus gradually established this land as Margraviate , slightly administratively different from Bohemia. After the Battle of Legnica , the Mongols carried their raids into Moravia. In , Charles gave Moravia to his younger brother John Henry who ruled in the margraviate until his death in , after him Moravia was ruled by his oldest son Jobst of Moravia who was in elected the Holy Roman King but died in he is buried with his father in the Church of St. Thomas in Brno — the Moravian capital from which they both ruled.

Moravia and Bohemia remained within the Luxembourg dynasty of Holy Roman kings and emperors except during the Hussite wars , until inherited by Albert II of Habsburg in The Hungarian crusade followed and in Matthias Corvinus conquered Moravia and proclaimed himself with assistance of rebelling Bohemian nobility as the king of Bohemia.

The subsequent year period of a divided kingdom was decisive for the rising awareness of a specific Moravian identity, distinct from that of Bohemia. Although Moravia was reunited with Bohemia in when Vladislaus Jagiellon , king of Bohemia, also became king of Hungary, some attachment to Moravian “freedoms” and resistance to government by Prague continued until the end of independence in In , Vladislaus’ son Louis died in battle and the Habsburg Ferdinand I was elected as his successor.

Bohemia and Moravia in the 12th century.

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Maravia – Tested in Idaho

Maravia – whose name pays homage to its roots and present day by combining marine and aviation – is home to whitewater rafts and catarafts that river rats scramble for. Each raft is encapsulated in polyurethane and heat welded to ensure its longevity. A Maravia raft is the last raft you’ll have to buy.

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Maravia Name Meaning & Maravia Family History at Ancestry.com…

The Maravia family name was found in the USA between 1880 and 1920. The most Maravia families were found in the USA in 1920. In 1880 there was 1 Maravia family living in Missouri. This was 100% of all the recorded Maravia’s in the USA. Missouri had the highest population of Maravia families in 1880.

https://www.ancestry.com/name-origin?surname=maravia

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Maravia Country Club Estates – Views to live for in La Paz …

Maravia Country Club Estates is the premier residential development in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Situated adjacent to Tecolote Beach, Maravia’s custom homes feature magnificent views of the Sea of Cortez and Espiritu Island, Maravia’s private, gated community leads Mexico’s Baja peninsula in green awareness while maintaining a luxurious lifestyle for its residents.

http://maravia.com.mx/

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